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Speech of Chinese Ambassador in Bulgaria in the Symposium of "Bulgaria in UN Security Council"

On January 19, Mr. Xie Hangsheng, the Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China in the Republic of Bulgaria, attended a Symposium titled "Bulgaria in UN Security Council", which was hold in Hilton Hotel in Sofia. Mr. Xie made his speech, and the full text is as follows:

His Excellency, Mr. President Purvanov,

His Excellency, Mr. Prime Minister Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha,

His Excellency, Mr. Foreign Minister Passy,

Ladies and Gentlemen:

I am very glad to attend the symposium today.

Since Bulgaria assumed the office of the Non-Permanent Security Council Member, it has implemented its responsibility actively, participated in the international affairs widely, and functioned constructively, which not only contributed to the peace, security, and stability of the world, but also enhanced the role of Bulgaria worldwide, and meanwhile increased the fame and influence of Bulgaria. Although the Bulgarian membership in the UN Security Council has come to an end, I believe, that Bulgaria will surely continue its constructive role in the international affairs, and the benign Sino-Bulgarian cooperation in the world will by all means forge ahead.

The 21st century is about to complete its third year, with hope and distress coexisting side by side.

Peace and development remain the overriding themes of the times and the shared aspiration of people of all races, colors and nationalities.

The concept of democracy and equality has struck deep roots in the hearts of the people.  Jointly taking on global challenges through stronger coordination and cooperation has become the consensus of the international community.

Countries are increasingly closer in their economic relations.  Advanced means of communications have made sharing information in real time possible.  With their interests closely connected and intertwined, countries are finding themselves more and more like passengers in the same boat.

Regional cooperation has grown substantially in both depth and scope, with cooperation mechanisms taking shape at various levels.  Regional economic integration is forging ahead in many parts of the world.

Yet worrisome aspects of international situation are numerous.

Local wars and conflicts keep flaring up from time to time.  Although the Iraq war is over, peace remains elusive with no end of suffering in sight for the Iraqi people.  With the situation between Israel and Palestine still witnessing ups and downs, the Middle East peace process remains a long uphill journey.  In Africa, wars are still raging in some countries.

Such non-traditional security concerns as terrorism, drug-trafficking, weapons proliferation, spread of diseases and environmental degradation have become more pronounced.  Given modern conditions, they can easily spread within regions or even across the world, making the security situation of human communities even more complicated.

The development of mankind is still confronted with severe challenges.  In the past 30 years, the number of Least Developed Countries has doubled, reaching 50 and accounting for one quarter of the UN membership.  The continued widening gap between the North and South and the aggravated disparity between the rich and poor have become a major factor that breeds new conflicts and wars and undermines regional stability.

China is of the view that the future well-being of mankind hinges on closer international cooperation, multilateralism and world multi-polarization.

--We promote democracy in international relations and cultivate a new security concept featuring mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and cooperation.  International society does not mean backpedaling into the age of sphere of influence, nor a replay of the long-gone major power rivalry.  It simply means to bring about a new regime of international relations under which all countries, big or small, rich or poor, strong or weak, are treated as equals, and no country has the right to impose its will on others.

--We support diversity in the mode of development.  Our world is a place of many colors and styles.  Human wisdoms have produced so many civilizations, allowing us to follow different paths of development and a variety of values.  It is in such exchanges, emulations and integrations of diverse cultures that human reason and wisdom illuminate brilliantly.

--We dedicate ourselves to the rise of the developing countries in their large numbers.  The developing countries, which make up three quarters of the world's population, should become a key pillar in a multi-polar world.  Without their extensive participation on the equal footing, there will be no democracy in international relations or a fair and rational world order. Without their economic revitalization, there is no common development of all mankind to speak of.

The UN has become the most universal, most representative and most authoritative international organization in the world today.  Such is what history affirms and what reality mandates.

China maintains that, under the current situation, the purposes and principles of the UN Charter should be adhered to and earnestly abided by with a view to realizing democracy and rule of law in international relations and the coexistence and "win-win" of the world's countries.

In handling affairs bearing on regional or international peace, all member states are obligated to maintain the leading role and authority of the UN and its Security Council.  China is in favor of an important UN role in Iraq's post-war arrangements and reconstruction and supports the Iraqi people in resuming the exercise of sovereignty at an early date.

China also supports the UN in conducting necessary reforms to enhance its role and efficacy in light of changing circumstances.

The UN is a microcosm of our world.  The hope of the world rests on a strong UN.  

We desire peace, stability and development.  We aspire equality, mutual benefit, and a win-win result for all.  Conforming to the tide of history, China has opted for a path of peaceful development, linking its rejuvenation with that of the region, with the interests of the majority countries, and with the lofty cause of peace and development for humanity.  To world prosperity and progress we hereby pledge our continued and greater contribution.  

Thank you.

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